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Title of article :
Structural studies of amorphous and crystallized tungsten nitride thin films by EFED, XRD and TEM
Author/Authors :
Y.G. Shen، نويسنده , , Y.W. Mai، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
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Abstract :
Energy-filtered electron diffraction EFED., X-ray diffraction XRD., and transmission electron microscopy TEM.have been used to investigate the structural properties of amorphous and crystallized W1yxNx 0.12FxF0.35.thin films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering in an Ar–N2 atmosphere. XRD u–2u scans combined with plan-view and cross-sectional TEM showed that the as-deposited W1yxNx films were amorphous in structure. Annealing of the as-deposited films at 6008C or above resulted in crystallization of the amorphous phases, forming a two-phase structure consisting of W2N and bcc W or a single-phase structure of W2N, which was related to the initial nitrogen concentration in the films. The crystalline films 150 nm in thickness.near stoichiometry of W2N had a columnar microstructure with an average column width of 15–20 nm near the film surface. For films with a lower N concentration, the column grains were larger. EFED data collected from a range of crystalline films were Fourier transformed to a reduced density function RDF., which was compared to the theoretical calculations based on the fraction of the crystalline phases determined from the experiment. The transformed fraction was shown to agree with the calculations. q2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords :
Nitrogen , Structure , thin films , Tungsten , Tungsten nitride , Energy-filtered electron diffraction , Crystallization , amorphous
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
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