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Title of article :
Ecotoxicological risk assessment linked to infilling quarries with treated dredged seaport sediments Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Yves Perrodin، نويسنده , , Gilles Donguy، نويسنده , , Christine Bazin، نويسنده , , Laurence Volatier، نويسنده , , Claude Durrieu، نويسنده , , Sylvie Bony، نويسنده , , Alain Devaux، نويسنده , , Mohammed Abdelghafour، نويسنده , , Robert Moretto، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوهفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
The dredged sediments of polluted seaports now raise complex management problems since it is no longer possible to discharge them into the sea. This results in the need to manage them on land, raising other types of technical, economic and environmental problems. Regarding the technical and economic dimensions, traditional waste treatment methods have proved to be poorly adapted, due to very high costs and low absorbable volumes. In this context, filling quarries in coastal areas with treated sediments could represent an interesting alternative for these materials. Nevertheless, for the environmental dimension, it is necessary to demonstrate that this possibility is harmless to inland ecosystems. Consequently, a specific ecotoxicological risk assessment methodology has been formulated and tested on three sediments taken from seaboards of France, in view to providing an operational and usable tool for the prior validation of any operation to fill quarries with treated seaport sediments. This method incorporates the formulation of a global conceptual model of the scenario studied and the definition of protocols for each of its steps: the characterisation of exposures (based on a simulation of sediment deposit), the characterisation of effects (via the study of sediments ecotoxicity), and the final ecotoxicological risk assessment performed as a calculation of a risk quotient. It includes the implementation in parallel of two types of complementary approach: the “substances” approach derived from the European methodology for assessing new substances placed on the market, and the “matrix” approach which is similar to methods developed in France to assess ecological risks in other domains (waste management, polluted site management, …). The application of this dual approach to the three sediments tested led to conclude with reliability that the project to deposit sediments “1” and “2” presented a low risk for the peripheral aquatic ecosystems while sediment “3” presented a high risk.
Keywords :
Aquatic ecosystems , Quarries , sediments , Ecotoxicological risk assessment , Seaports , Pollutants
Journal title :
Science of the Total Environment
Journal title :
Science of the Total Environment
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