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Title of article :
Chemical characteristics of airborne particulate matter near major roads and at background locations in Macao, China
Author/Authors :
Bang Ye Wu، نويسنده , , Jiming Hao، نويسنده , , Lixin Fu، نويسنده , , Jingnan Hu، نويسنده , , Zhishi Wang، نويسنده , , Uwa Tang، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
هفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
PM10 and PM2.5 samples were collected near major roads and at the background locations in Macao using a TEOM1400a+ACCU system. The chemical analysis of these particles indicated the presence of 36 elements, water-soluble ions and carbonaceous species. The greatest contributors to total PM10 and PM2.5 mass were OC, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, EC, Na, Cl and crustal elements including Si, Ca, Al, Fe, K and Mg. Organic material is the largest single fraction of airborne particulate matter in Macao. It contributes 32.8–41.5% and 38.2–48.4% of PM10 and PM2.5 at the roadsides, and as high as 29.7% and 33.4–39.4% of PM10 and PM2.5 at background locations, respectively. EC contributes 3.7–7.8% and 8.0–12.9% of PM10 and PM2.5, and crustal material is 10.2–15.4% and 7.6–12.2% of PM10 and PM2.5 near major roads, respectively. The share of EC at background locations is much lower than that at the roadsides, however, the contribution of crustal material is the same in both locations. At the roadsides, secondary aerosols, including sulfate, nitrate and ammonium, account for 16.6–29.0% and 15.8–38.0% of the total PM10 and PM2.5, respectively, as compared to 29.1–36.2% and 23.2–33.8% of total PM10 and PM2.5, respectively, at background locations. In PM2.5, Na and Cl contribute 1–3%, while the average amount of these two elements increase to 1–15% of the total PM10 in Macao.
Keywords :
PM10 , CHEMICAL COMPOSITION , Traffic , Macao , PM2.5
Journal title :
Science of the Total Environment
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