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Title of article :
Discharge of methylmercury-enriched hypolimnetic water from a stratified reservoir
Author/Authors :
C.M. Canavana، نويسنده , , U، نويسنده , , C.A. Caldwellb، نويسنده , , N.S. Bloomc، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
هفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
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Abstract :
A study conducted from July 1995 to June 1996 examining spatial and temporal distribution of mercury Hg. at the Caballo Reservoir, New Mexico, revealed that the highest levels of methylmercury MMHg. occurred in both the inlet and the Rio Grande upstream of the reservoir. As a result, a second study was designed to identify possible sources of the elevated levels of MMHg, and to determine if water discharged from the Elephant Butte Reservoir upstream could be a primary source. In July 1996, as anoxia began to develop in the hypolimnion of the Elephant Butte Reservoir, surface water MMHg concentrations were below the MDL of 0.018 ngrl while water discharged into the tailrace was 0.149 ngrl MMHg. By September 1996, when the anoxic hypolimnion spanned 60% of the total reservoir depth, surface water MMHg was still below the MDL, while discharge water had increased to 1.144 ngrl MMHg. Following reservoir turnover in November 1996, surface water increased to 0.264 ngrl MMHg while discharge water decreased to 0.420 ngrl MMHg. By January 1997, MMHg in the tailrace decreased to pre-stratification levels, and both surface water and discharge water reached similar MMHg levels until the onset of summer stratification in July 1997. This trend was repeated the following year when MMHg concentrations in the tailrace increased from 0.190 ngrl in August 1997 to 1.240 ngrl in September 1997. In addition, vertical profile sampling of the reservoir from August 1997 to September 1997 showed a buildup of MMHg in the anoxic hypolimnion which coincided with increasing levels of MMHg discharged into the tailrace. During the course of this study the single largest contribution of MMHg to the river below the reservoir was from water released through the dam during the fall months of the year.
Keywords :
reservoir , stratification , Tailrace , Methylmercury
Journal title :
Science of the Total Environment
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