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Title of article :
Phase structures impact the rheological properties of rennet-casein-based imitation cheese containing starch
Author/Authors :
Aiqian Ye، نويسنده , , Sheelagh Hewitt، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
The dynamic rheological and microstructural properties of rennet-casein-based imitation cheeses containing various concentrations of potato starch were investigated using a stress-controlled rheometer and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The influence of added starch on the size of the oil droplets in the imitation cheeses was also examined. Imitation cheeses with 0–15% protein replaced by starch were processed in a Rapid Visco Analyser (RVA) at 90 °C for 10 min at a shear rate of 800 rev/min and were then evaluated using oscillatory shear measurement and a temperature sweep (20–90 °C). The storage modulus (G′) of the rennet casein imitation cheeses increased abruptly at added starch concentrations >4%. In the temperature range 20–90 °C, tan δ of the imitation cheeses decreased with increasing starch concentration and was <1 at added starch concentrations >4%. A binary continuous phase consisting of a protein phase and a starch phase was observed in systems containing >4% starch, whereas the starch was dispersed in the protein matrix as small particles of irregular shapes at added starch concentrations ≤4%. As the dispersed phase, the size of the oil droplets increased with starch addition in the imitation cheeses. The marked increase in G′ and the reduction in tan δ may be attributed to the formation of a binary continuous separated phase structure in imitation cheeses containing added starch that is driven by thermodynamic incompatibility between rennet casein and starch.
Keywords :
Potato starch , Imitation cheese , Rennet casein , Microstructure , Rheological property , Binary continuous phases
Journal title :
Food Hydrocolloids
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Link To Document :