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Title of article :
Depletion flocculation and thermodynamic incompatibility in whey protein stabilised O/W emulsions
Author/Authors :
C.K Reiffers-Magnani، نويسنده , , J.L Cuq، نويسنده , , H.J Watzke، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
Pages :
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Abstract :
The stability of whey protein stabilised emulsions, containing methylcellulose added after emulsification in their bulk phase, was investigated. The phase diagram of the ternary system whey proteins/methylcellulose/water was first established and used to identify the conditions permitting polymer phase separation within the emulsion bulk phase. Emulsions containing a whey protein and methylcellulose concentration in the bulk phase below and above the phase separation threshold could therefore be prepared. Below the phase separation threshold, the creaming rate of the oil droplets was faster than the one predicted by the Stokes equation, due to methylcellulose-induced depletion flocculation. Above the phase separation threshold, the destabilisation of the emulsion involved different mechanisms, depending on the emulsifier adsorbed at the O/W interface. In the case of Tween 40 stabilised droplets, depletion flocculation led to a complete creaming of the fat globules while phase separation led to the formation of two polymer-rich phases, namely a protein-rich phase at the bottom of the tube and a methylcellulose-rich phase above. In the case of whey protein stabilised droplets, phase separation between bulk whey proteins and methylcellulose occurred, and the fat globules were entrapped in the protein-rich phase. These results permitted to describe the destabilisation mechanisms of both Tween 40 and whey protein stabilised emulsions in the presence of unadsorbed polysaccharide. They could be used to better understand the destabilisation processes arising in food emulsions, especially in those emulsions containing whey proteins, small surfactant molecules and polysaccharides.
Keywords :
Thermodynamic incompatibility , Whey proteins , Stability , Emulsion , Polysaccharide , Depletion flocculation
Journal title :
Food Hydrocolloids
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