Record number :
Title of article :
Modelling and observations of tidal wave propagation, circulation and residence times in Puttalam Lagoon, Sri Lanka
Author/Authors :
E.M.S. Wijeratne، نويسنده , , L. Rydberg، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
Pages :
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Abstract :
Tidal measurements and a depth-averaged 2D model are used to examine wave progression and circulation in a long, shallow, micro-tidal lagoon in Sri Lanka. Ranges and phase lags for different tidal constituents are used to calibrate the model. A single drag coefficient, Cd ¼ 0.0032, gives almost perfect agreement with data. Current measurements are used for validation of the model. The lagoon tide consists of a combination of progressive and standing waves, where progressive waves dominate in the outer part and standing waves in the inner. A Lagrangian based particle-tracking method is developed to study tidally and wind induced residence times. If tides were the only factor affecting the residual circulation, the residence time inside the narrowest section would be approximately 100 days. Steady winds (of typical monsoon average) decrease the residence times to 60e90 days. Estuarine forcing due to net freshwater supply is not modelled (due to lack of reliable runoff data), but independent, long-term salinity observations and calculations based on volume and salt conservation during periods of negligible freshwater supply (the lagoon is seasonally hypersaline) indicate residence times ranging from 40 to 80 days. Model derived residence times based on tides alone represent a minimum exchange. Even weak forcing, through winds, excess evaporation or freshwater supply efficiently reduces residence times.
Keywords :
water exchange , Puttalam Lagoon , tidal model , Sri Lanka , residence time
Journal title :
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Link To Document :