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Title of article :
Numerical study on performance of molten salt phase change thermal energy storage system with enhanced tubes
Author/Authors :
Y.B. Tao، نويسنده , , Y.L. He ?، نويسنده , , Z.G. Qu، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
Based on enthalpy method, numerical studies were performed for high temperature molten salt phase change thermal energy storage (PCTES) unit used in a dish solar thermal power generation system. Firstly, the effects of the heat transfer fluid (HTF) inlet temperature and velocity on the PCTES performance were examined. The results show that although increasing the HTF inlet velocity or temperature can enhance the melting rate of the phase change material (PCM) and improve the performance of the PCTES unit, the two parameters will restrict each other for the fixed solar collector heat output. Then three enhanced tubes were adopted to improve the PCTES performance, which are dimpled tube, cone-finned tube and helically-finned tube respectively. The effects of the enhanced tubes on the PCM melting rate, solid–liquid interface, TES capacity, TES efficiency and HTF outlet temperature were discussed. The results show that compared with the smooth tube, all of the three enhanced tubes could improve the PCM melting rate. At the same working conditions, the melting time is 437.92 min for the smooth tube, 350.75 min for dimpled tube which is reduced about 19.9% and 320.25 min for conefinned tube which is reduced about 26.9% and 302.75 min for helically-finned tube reduced about 30.7%. As a conclusion, the thermal performance of PCTES unit can be effectively enhanced by using enhanced tube instead of smooth tube. Although, the HTF pressure drops for the enhanced tubes are also larger than that of the smooth tube, the largest pressure drop (1476.2 Pa) is still very lower compared with the working pressure (MPa magnitude) of the dish solar generation system. So, the pressure drops caused by the enhanced tubes could almost be neglected. 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords :
Enhanced tube , Enthalpy method , Molten salt , phase change , thermal energy storage
Journal title :
Solar Energy
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