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Title of article :
Habitat continuity effects on gradients of fish biomass across marine protected area boundaries
Author/Authors :
Aitor Forcada، نويسنده , , Just T. Bayle-Sempere، نويسنده , , Carlos Valle، نويسنده , , Pablo Sanchez-Jerez، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
Marine protected areas (MPAs) could be useful as fisheries management tools for the exportation of pelagic eggs, larvae and adult fish. A decreasing gradient of fish biomass across MPAs boundary may indicate export. We determine whether gradients of decreasing biomass of fish assemblage occurred in Tabarca Marine Reserve over two habitats with different continuity across the boundaries, to test if the patchy nature of the marine environment might act as a barrier for the fish export. In general, significant decreasing gradients in total fish biomass and biomass of some species were observed on P. oceanica and rocky substrates, independently of their different continuity through the reserve boundaries. Changes in the multivariate structure of the fish assemblage were correlated with the distance from integral reserve. All of these results support the hypothesis that the exportation of adult fish from Tabarca Marine Reserve occurs, and this process may influence the surrounding fished areas.
Keywords :
Marine protected areasFishSpilloverHabitat continuityVisual censusFisheries management
Journal title :
Marine Environmental Research
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