Azizi، Samaneh نويسنده , , Daneshi Maskooni، Milad نويسنده , , Sadrzadeh Yeganeh، Haleh نويسنده , , Hosseini، Mostafa نويسنده ,
ABSTRACT: Factors including insulin resistance, abdominal obesity, blood lipids disorders and hypertension constitute the metabolic syndrome that is affected by people’s dietary intake. Although the relationship between different aspects of dietary components and metabolic syndrome has investigated, some dietary components that play roles in metabolic syndrome have been contradictory. So, the aim of present study is evaluating the relationship between intake of some dietary components (i.e., egg, garlic and hydrogenated oils) and metabolic syndrome in Iranian adult women. In this case-control study, 130 women (30-60 years) suffering from metabolic syndrome were selected as cases and 130 unaffected patients referred to clinics of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences as controls were selected. General characteristics and dietary intakes were assessed using the general and the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires, respectively. Chi-square, t-test and multivariate logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Very low or lack of egg intake (OR 1.8 and CI 95% 1 to 3.1), lack of garlic intake (OR 1.9 and CI 95%: 1.1 to 3.5) and hydrogenated oil intake (OR 2.1 and CI 95%: 1.2 to 3.8) were found as the most important independent risk factors for metabolic syndrome (P < 0.05). Given the importance of the intake of some food components in affecting or preventing from metabolic syndrome, the planners need to pay more attention to promoting the culture of healthy dietary intake in community, especially in women.