Record number :
85077
Title of article :
Effects of Stress Typicality During Speeded Grammatical Classification
Author/Authors :
Arciuli، Joanne نويسنده , , Cupples، Linda نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
Pages :
-352
From page :
353
To page :
0
Abstract :
The experiments reported here were designed to investigate the influence of stress typicality during speeded grammatical classification of disyllabic English words by native and non-native speakers. Trochaic nouns and iambic verbs were considered to be typically stressed, whereas iambic nouns and trochaic verbs were considered to be atypically stressed. Experiments 1a and 2a showed that while native speakers classified typically stressed words more quickly and more accurately than atypically stressed words during reading, there were no overall effects during classification of spoken stimuli. However, a subgroup of native speakers with high error rates did show a significant effect during classification of spoken stimuli. Experiments 1b and 2b showed that non-native speakers classified typically stressed words more quickly and more accurately than atypically stressed words during reading. Typically stressed words were classified more accurately than atypically stressed words when the stimuli were spoken. Importantly, there was a significant relationship between error rates, vocabulary size and the size of the stress typicality effect in each experiment. Weconclude that participants use information about lexical stress to help them distinguish between disyllabic nouns and verbs during speeded grammatical classification. This is especially so for individuals with a limited vocabulary who lack other knowledge (e.g., semantic knowledge) about the differences between these grammatical categories.
Keywords :
disyllabic words , grammatical classification , Individual differences , lexical stress , non-native speakers
Journal title :
LANGUAGE AND SPEECH
Serial Year :
2003
Link To Document :
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