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Title of article :
Diagnosis of caseous lymphadenitis by ELISA in naturally infected goats from Venezuela
Author/Authors :
Carmen Chirino-Z?rraga، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Due to the absence of previous reports, the goal of this work was to detect caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) in goat flocks from Venezuela using an indirect immunoenzymatic assay (ELISA). Eighteen farms were randomly selected in Falcon State, North-Western Venezuela. Blood samples were taken from 259 goats, 65 of them with abscesses. Experimental inoculations weremadeto healthy kids with 0.5mLinocula containing 4.7×105 of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis to observe the kinetics of antibody response. Immunoenzymatic assays were carried out using exotoxin of C. pseudotuberculosis as antigen. Antibody response in experimentally inoculated animals was detected 2 weeks after infection. Of 259 field goat sera, 55.98% were positive by ELISA. Of 65 goats with abscesses, 67.69% had CLA demonstrated by bacteriological methods; from these, 72.73% showed antibodies by ELISA. Of the remaining goats negative to CLA, 47.62% had antibodies by ELISA. Sensitivity was calculated in 72.73% and specificity in 67.74%. The immunoenzymatic assay applied in this research could be useful to detect CLA in naturally infected goat flocks from Venezuela.
Keywords :
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosisGoatELISACaseous lymphadenitis
Journal title :
Small Ruminant Research
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