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Title of article :
Effect of forest fragmentation on fruit and seed predation of the tropical dry forest tree Ceiba aesculifolia Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Yvonne Herrer?as-Diego، نويسنده , , Mauricio Quesada، نويسنده , , Kathryn E. Stoner، نويسنده , , Jorge A. Lobo، نويسنده , , Yared Hern?ndez-Flores، نويسنده , , Gumersindo Sanchez Montoya، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
Forests fragmentation reduces the density of natural plant populations forming patches of the remaining individuals. One of the biotic interactions that can be affected by forest fragmentation and is poorly studied is seed predation. We determined the effects of forest fragmentation on seed and fruit predation in Ceiba aesculifolia by comparing trees in continuous forest with trees in fragmented forest. We compared the following variables: (a) frequency of fruit predation by Collie’s squirrel (Sciurus colliaei) in each habitat; (b) frequency of the cotton-staining bug seed predator (Dysdercus, Orden Hemiptera) in each habitat; (c) the effect of seed predation on germination frequency and time; and (d) the effect of different life stages of Dysdercus on seed viability. In continuous habitat, 100% of the trees presented fruits with squirrel predation while only 34% of trees in fragmented habitats presented fruit predation. In continuous forest 27% of the trees contained fruits with the seed predator Dysdercus, while only 2% of the trees in fragmented forest presented Dysdercus. The initial weight of damaged seeds was greater than seeds that were not damaged indicating that seed predators select heavier seeds to feed upon. Frequency of seed germination was affected by different life stages; pre-adults decreased germination significantly more than nymphs and adults. Seed predation significantly increased the time it took for germination to occur. Our study shows that forest fragmentation significantly affects predation patterns of squirrels and cotton-staining bugs. Reduction of natural seed predators in forest fragments may have long-term consequences on forest structure and diversity.
Keywords :
Plant–animal interaction , Fruit predation , seed predation , Forest fragmentation , tropical trees , dry forest
Journal title :
Biological Conservation
Journal title :
Biological Conservation
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