Carro، M. D. نويسنده , , Ranilla، M. J. نويسنده ,
Four different detachment methods were evaluated for their ability to remove particle-associated microorganisms (PAM) from ruminal digesta in semicontinuous fermenters fed two diets differing in their forage:concentrate ratio (80:20 [C20] and 20:80 [C80]). In the methylcellulose method, ruminal digesta was incubated at 38°C for 15 min with saline solution containing 0.1% methylcellulose before being stored at 4°C for 24 h. In the other procedures, samples were incubated with 0.1% methylcellulose before storage for 24 h at 4°C in different solutions (pH = 2): 1) saline solution with 0.1% Tween 80; 2) saline solution with 0.1% Tween 80 and 1% tertiary butanol; and 3) saline solution with 0.1% Tween 80, 1% methanol, and 1% tertiary butanol. Common to all treatments was subsequent homogenization, followed by filtration and resuspension of the residue five times in the treatment solutions. Microbial removal was estimated indirectly by measuring removal of 15N. There were no differences (P > 0.05) among detachment procedures, neither in the detaching efficiency (mean values of 79.7 and 88.1% for C20 and C80 diets, respectively) nor in the total recovery of PAM (54.9 and 34.9% for C20 and C80, respectively). There were no differences (P > 0.05) among PAM pellets obtained by the different detachment procedures in their N content, purine bases (PB) concentration, or PB:N ratio. For the C80 diet, 15N enrichment was greater (P < 0.05) in PAM pellets obtained with methylcellulose than in those obtained by the other methods. However, there were no differences (P > 0.05) due to the detachment procedure in the values of daily microbial growth estimated using as reference the different PAM pellets. The PAM pellets for diet C20 presented greater (P < 0.01) N content and lower (P < 0.01) PB concentration than those for diet C80 (mean values of 74.3 vs 49.1 mg of N/g of dry matter, and 22.8 vs 26.0 µmol PB/mg of dry matter, respectively). Daily microbial growth was greater (P < 0.05) for the C80 diet than for the C20 diet (121 vs 114 mg of microbial N, respectively). Results suggest that the treatment of ruminal digesta with a saline solution with 0.1% methylcellulose at 38°C for 15 min combined with homogenizing and chilling at 4°C for 24 h removed a major proportion of PAM, although further research is needed to decrease microbial losses during the isolation process.
Floor Space , pigs , growth , Diet