Record number :
815043
Title of article :
Enhanced inflammatory response following coronary stent implantation in stable angina patients
Author/Authors :
Carlos V. Serrano Jr.، نويسنده , , Elise S. Santos، نويسنده , , José A. Mangione، نويسنده , , Morton Scheinberg، نويسنده , , Juliana S. Souza، نويسنده , , Eulogio E. Martinez، نويسنده , , José A. Ramires، نويسنده , , José C. Nicolau، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
Pages :
7
From page :
69
To page :
75
Abstract :
Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with an increase in inflammatory activity. However, little is known about the association between the inflammatory response post-PCI and plaque morphology. The objective of this study was to characterize the inflammatory response following coronary stent implantation (CSI) of stable atherosclerotic plaques, according to plaque morphology. Methods The study population consisted of 62 patients with stable angina that had an elective indication of CSI. Immediately before CSI, the patients underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for determination of the predominant plaque morphology of the target lesion: calcified (C, n = 15), fibrocalcified (FC, n = 16), fibrolipidic (FL, n = 16), or lipidic (L, n = 15). Angiographic lesion types were also determined. Coronary sinus samples were collected at baseline (BL) and 15 min after CSI for measuring inflammatory mediators (IM): interleukin-6 (IL-6, in pg/ml), tumoral necrosis factor-α (TNF, in pg/ml), interferon-γ (IFN, in IU/ml), and neopterin (N, in ng/ml). Results BL IL-6, TNF, IFN, and N were, respectively, for C plaques (mean ± S.D.): 1.3 ± 3.0, 8.0 ± 3.5, 0.1 ± 0.2, and 3.2 ± 0.8; for FC plaques: 6.7 ± 3.3, 1.9 ± 2.0, 0.1 ± 0.1, and 3.8 ± 2.0; for FL plaques: 0.7 ± 0.9, 8.7 ± 4.3, 0.1 ± 0.2, and 4.0 ± 2.4; and, for L plaques: 1.9 ± 2.8, 0.9 ± 1.4, 0.0 ± 0.1, and 5.2 ± 3.3. After 15 min of CSI, percentual changes of IL-6, TNF, IFN, and N, respectively, were for C plaques: 43.8 ± 19.6%, 7.7 ± 5.5%, − 7.5 ± 5.3%, and − 20.0 ± 11.2%; for FC plaques: 7.7 ± 5.5%, 168.4 ± 56.9%, 311.1 ± 159.9%, and 0%; for FL plaques: 147.5 ± 16.1%low asterisk, 714.3 ± 34.4%low asterisk, 116.1 ± 9.9%low asterisk, and 3000.0 ± 230.0%low asterisk; and, for L plaques: 147.7 ± 14.4%low asterisk, 140.3 ± 15.0%low asterisk, 131.6 ± 11.9%low asterisk, and 2300.0 ± 25.9%low asterisk. Moreover, B1 (n = 28) and B2 (n = 32) predominated and resulted in significant changes only for IL-6 and IFN, respectively. low asteriskP < 0.05: 15 min vs BL. Conclusions These data suggest that stable angina patients with predominant lipidic (L and FL) plaques present a greater inflammatory response after CSI in than those with predominant calcified (C and FC) plaques.
Keywords :
intravascular ultrasound , Coronary stent implantation , cytokines , Plaque morphology , Neopterin , coronary artery disease
Journal title :
International Journal of Cardiology
Serial Year :
2007
Link To Document :
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