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Title of article :
Chronic beta-blocker treatment in patients with advanced heart failure: Effects on neurohormones
Author/Authors :
Ard C. H. Teisman، نويسنده , , Dirk J. van Veldhuisen، نويسنده , , Frans Boomsma، نويسنده , , Pieter J. De Kam MsC، نويسنده , , Geert Tjeerdsma، نويسنده , , Yigal M. Pinto، نويسنده , , Dick de Zeeuw، نويسنده , , Wiek H. van Gilst، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
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Abstract :
Background: To date, the use of beta-blockers in treating patients with chronic heart failure gains support, this since several large clinical trials reported reduced mortality after chronic beta-blockade. Part of these beneficial effects may result from inhibition of deleterious neurohormone activation that accompanies progression of chronic heart failure. The present study evaluates whether this neurohormone inhibition is preserved after chronic beta-blockade. Methods: In a retrospective analysis the neurohormonal profiles of patients with moderate to severe chronic heart failure were studied from three treatment subgroups: (1) Without beta-blockers or ACE-inhibitors (n=15), (2) without beta-blockers, with ACE-inhibitors (n=324), (3) with beta-blockers and ACE-inhibitors (n=31). Patients were on beta-blockers for an average period of 3.8 years. Plasma samples were obtained under controlled conditions. Results: Despite uneven group sizes, the groups were well matched for clinical characteristics. Plasma renin levels were significantly lower in patients treated adjunctively with beta-blockers. Plasma aldosterone and endothelin-I levels also tended to be lower after chronic beta-blockade, however, this did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Chronic adjunctive beta-blocker treatment shows significantly lower plasma renin levels when compared to single ACE-inhibition. This persistent reduction of plasma neurohormone activation may concomitantly reduce the chance of neurohormones to escape from inhibition.
Keywords :
beta-blockers , ACE-inhibitors , heart failure
Journal title :
International Journal of Cardiology
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