Bhaskar C. Das، نويسنده , , Melissa E. Smith، نويسنده , , Ganjam V. Kalpana، نويسنده ,
Rhabdoid tumors (RTs) are aggressive pediatric malignancies with poor prognosis that arise due to loss of the hSNF5/INI1 tumor suppressor. Molecular studies indicate that cyclin D1, a downstream effector of INI1 is up regulated in RT, and is essential for this tumor formation. Previously we demonstrated that 4-HPR, a synthetic retinoid that targets Cyclin D1, is a potential chemotherapeutic agent for RT. To facilitate further chemical development of this retinoid, and to determine its active moiety, we synthesized small chemical libraries of 4-HPR and tested their cytotoxic effect on RT cells. We synthesized 4-HPR (1) and the derivatives (5a–5n) starting from retinoic acid. First, retinoic acid was converted to acid chloride derivatives, then in the presence of DMF, base, and aniline derivatives, we synthesized the corresponding 4-hydroxy phenyl amine derivatives (5a–5n). This procedure gave 70–90% yield. Then, the 4-HPR derivatives were tested for their ability to inhibit RT cells using an in vitro cell survival assay. We found that the 4-hydroxy group at para-position is essential for cytotoxic activity against RT cells. Furthermore, we identified a few derivatives of 4-HPR with higher cytotoxic potencies than 4-HPR. In addition, we demonstrate that either chloro, fluoro or iodo derivatives at meta-position of phenyl ring retain the cytotoxic activity. Interestingly, substitution of iodo-moiety at meta-position (5j) substantially increased the efficacy (IC50 not, vert, similar 3 μM, Fig. 1D). These results indicate that chemical modification of 4-HPR may result in derivatives with increased therapeutic potential for RTs and that halogen substituted 4-HPR that retain the activity can be synthesized for further therapeutic and diagnostic use.