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Title of article :
Phosphorus adsorption on natural sediments: Modeling and effects of pH and sediment composition
Author/Authors :
Aimin Zhou، نويسنده , , Hongxiao Tang، نويسنده , , Dongsheng Wang، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
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Abstract :
The classic Langmuir isotherm equation was modified to describe phosphorus (P) adsorption on P-polluted sediments. The P adsorption characteristics of six sediment samples from Chinese Taihu Lake were studied by short-term isotherm batch experiments and related to sediment composition. The maximum P adsorption capacities (PAC) and P-binding energy constant (k) were obtained by nonlinearly fitting sorption data using the modified Langmuir isotherm model. Native adsorbed exchangeable phosphorus (NAP), the zero equilibrium P concentration value (EPC0), and partitioning coefficients (Kp) were subsequently calculated by corresponding formulae. Kp and PAC were linearly related to the contents of active Fe and Al in sediments by least squares regression analyses (R2≈0.9 for both). The effect of pH in a wide range on adsorption process was investigated and H2PO4− was presumed to be the preferential sorption species in overall sorption process. The fact that the amount of P sorbed and zeta potential of sediment particles have no necessary relationship reveals that a strong contribution to the P binding still comes from a ligand-exchange process on the Me–OH2+ and Me–OH sites rather than electrostatic attraction. In addition, the influence of oxidation–reduction potential (ORP) was investigated and discussed and the dual nature of sediments as a pool or source of P in natural waters was evaluated in site T1–T4.
Keywords :
model , sediment , Nap , Adsorption , Taihu Lake , Preferential sorption species
Journal title :
Water Research
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Link To Document :