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Title of article :
A study on emission characteristics of an EFI engine with ethanol blended gasoline fuels
Author/Authors :
Bang-Quan He، نويسنده , , Jianxin Wang، نويسنده , , Jiming Hao، نويسنده , , Xiao-Guang Yan، نويسنده , , Jianhua Xiao، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
The effect of ethanol blended gasoline fuels on emissions and catalyst conversion efficiencies was investigated in a spark ignition engine with an electronic fuel injection (EFI) system. The addition of ethanol to gasoline fuel enhances the octane number of the blended fuels and changes distillation temperature. Ethanol can decrease engine-out regulated emissions. The fuel containing 30% ethanol by volume can drastically reduce engine-out total hydrocarbon emissions (THC) at operating conditions and engine-out THC, CO and NOx emissions at idle speed, but unburned ethanol and acetaldehyde emissions increase. Pt/Rh based three-way catalysts are effective in reducing acetaldehyde emissions, but the conversion of unburned ethanol is low. Tailpipe emissions of THC, CO and NOx have close relation to engine-out emissions, catalyst conversion efficiency, engineʹs speed and load, air/fuel equivalence ratio. Moreover, the blended fuels can decrease brake specific energy consumption.
Keywords :
Spark Ignition Engine , Oxygenate , Emission , Acetaldehyde , Catalyst , Ethanol
Journal title :
Atmospheric Environment
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Link To Document :