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Title of article :
Biodegradation and detoxification of phenolic compounds by pure and mixed indigenous cultures in aerobic reactors
Author/Authors :
A. Gallego، نويسنده , , M. S. Fortunato، نويسنده , , J. Foglia، نويسنده , , S. Rossi، نويسنده , , V. Gemini، نويسنده , , L. Gomez، نويسنده , , C. E. Gomez، نويسنده , , L. E. Higa، نويسنده , , S. E. Korol، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
Pages :
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Abstract :
Degradation and detoxification of a mixture of persistent compounds (2-chlorophenol, phenol and m-cresol) were studied by using pure and mixed indigenous cultures in aerobic reactors. Biodegradation assays were performed in batch and continuous flow reactors. Biodegradation was evaluated by determining total phenols, ultraviolet spectrophotometry and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Microbial growth was measured by the plate count method. Scanning electronic microscopy was employed to observe the microbial community in the reactor. Detoxification was evaluated by using Daphnia magna toxicity tests. Individual compounds were degraded by pure bacteria cultures within 27 h. The mixture of 2-clorophenol (100 mgl−1), phenol (50 mgl−1) and m-cresol (50 mgl−1) was degraded by mixed bacteria cultures under batch conditions within 36 h: 99.8% of total phenols and 92.5% of COD were removed; under continuous flow conditions 99.8% of total phenols and 94.9% of COD were removed. Mineralization of phenolic compounds was assessed by gas chromatography performed at the end of the batch assays and in the effluent of the continuous-flow reactor. Toxicity was not detected in the effluent of the continuous-flow reactor.
Keywords :
Aerobic reactors , biodegradation , phenol , 2-Chlorophenol , m-Cresol , Detoxi!cation
Journal title :
International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
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