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Title of article :
Seasonal variation of extracellular enzymatic activity (EEA) and its influence on metal speciation in a polluted salt marsh Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Bernardo Duarte، نويسنده , , Rosa Reboreda، نويسنده , , Isabel Caçador، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
The influence of salt marsh sediment extracellular enzymatic activity (EEA) on metal fractions and organic matter cycling was evaluated on a seasonal basis, in order to study the relation between organic matter cycles and the associated metal species. Metals in the rhizosediment of Halimione portulacoides were fractioned according to the Tessier’s scheme and showed a similar pattern regarding the organic-bound fraction, being always high in Autumn, matching the season when organic matter presented higher values. Both organic-bound and residual fractions were always dominant, being the seasonal variations due to interchanges between these two fractions. Phenol oxidase and β-N-acetylglucosaminidase had higher activities during the Spring and Summer, contrarily to peroxidase which had higher activity during Winter. Protease showed high activities in both Spring and Winter. These different periods of high organic matter hydrolysis caused two periods of organic metal bound decrease. Sulphatase peaks (Spring and Winter) matched the depletion of exchangeable metal forms, probably due to sulphides formation and consequent mobilization. This showed an interaction between several microbial activities affecting metal speciation.
Keywords :
Salt marshExtracellularenzymaticactivitySedimentMetal speciation
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