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Title of article :
Evaluation of the Spanish hot dip galvanising sector as a source of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
M. ?ngeles Mart?nez، نويسنده , , Paloma Sanz، نويسنده , , M. Luisa Ruiz، نويسنده , , Bego?a Fabrellas، نويسنده , , Esteban Abad، نويسنده , , Josep Rivera، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
A survey to estimate the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) emissions of Spanish hot dip galvanising sector was carried out during 2002. This investigation is the first presenting Spanish experimental data related to this industrial sector. Three different matrices: flue gas, ash and filter dust were tested to quantify the PCDD/Fs generated during the galvanising process. The organic source of PCDD/F formation could be from the insufficient degreasing o from inhibitors or additives used in the pickling steps such as quinoline, isoquinoline, 8-methylquinoline or polyether phosphoric acid. Low levels PCDD/Fs were achieved in air emissions when air control devices are used. On the contrary, filter dusts are highly contaminated; indicating that the absence of air control devices would increase the risk of fugitive emissions. Homologue profiles and Principal Component Analysis demonstrate there are differences in the formation mechanisms in the bath zone (ashes) compared to the stack location (filter dusts and air emissions), related to the de novo synthesis and reaction time. The annual PCDD/F emission to the atmosphere for this sector during 2002 has been estimated in 0.023 g I-TEQ. The emission factor of plants with air control devices has been calculated at 0.030 μg I-TEQ/ton of galvanised steel.
Keywords :
Hot dip galvanising , PCDD/Fs , emission factor , Dioxin source , de novo synthesis
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