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Title of article :
Soil organic matter from pioneer species and its implications to phytostabilization of mined sites in the Sierra de Cartagena (Spain) Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
C.J.M. Ottenhof، نويسنده , , ?. Faz Cano، نويسنده , , J.M. Arocena، نويسنده , , K.G.J. Nierop، نويسنده , , J.M. Verstraten، نويسنده , , J.M. Van Mourik، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
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Abstract :
Pioneer plant species were observed growing on mined areas despite unfavourable conditions such as extreme pH, high salinity and phytotoxic levels of several elements. This study evaluated the contribution of pioneer species to the accumulation of soil organic matter (SOM). We collected 51 samples from 17 non-vegetated, natural and pioneer-vegetated sites in five highly saline mined areas in the Sierra de Cartagena (Spain). The composition of SOM was determined using total C, N and S elemental anlayzer, pyrolysis and solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy. Results showed that pioneer species like Lygeum spartum had contributed not, vert, similar11 kg SOM kg−1 soil into the Balsa Rosa sites since 1991; it will take not, vert, similar120 years of continuous growth for this plant to increase the SOM level comparable to natural site. In the Portman Bay area, Sarconia ramosissima and Phragmites australis can contribute SOM equivalent to present day SOM in natural sites in the next 30 years. Low quality SOM (C/N > 20) deposited by pioneer plants was dominated by lignin-derived organic compounds such as phenols, guaiacols, syringols and aromatics while polyssacharides and alkyls were the major components in high quality SOM (C/N < 20). The addition of SOM to mine wastes is similar to early stages of soil formation and with time, we expect the formation of well-developed Ah horizon on the surface of mine wastes. The presence of P. australis on several sites makes it a very good candidate for successful revegetation of hostile conditions found in many mined sites.
Keywords :
PAH , ewage ludge , Molecular diagno tic ratio , Wa tewater treatment plant
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