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Title of article :
Development and field application of rRNA-targeted probes for the detection of Cochlodinium polykrikoides Margalef in Korean coastal waters using whole cell and sandwich hybridization formats
Author/Authors :
C.M. Mikulski، نويسنده , , Y.T. Park، نويسنده , , K.L. Jones، نويسنده , , C.K. Lee، نويسنده , , W.A. Lim، نويسنده , , Y. Lee، نويسنده , , C.A. Scholin، نويسنده , , G.J. Doucette، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
The dinoflagellate, Cochlodinium polykrikoides Margalef, has been responsible for mass mortalities of both wild and farmed fish along the Korean coast on virtually an annual basis since 1982. Economic impacts to the fishing and aquaculture industries are extensive, with a loss of USD $95 million reported in 1995 alone. The use of taxon-specific molecular probes for harmful algal species is recognized as a promising approach for the early detection of bloom formation and as part of an effective mitigation strategy. We have developed and successfully applied large subunit ribosomal RNA (LSU rRNA)-targeted probes in both whole cell and sandwich hybridization assay (SHA) formats for the species-specific detection of C. polykrikoides in Korean coastal waters. Sequences of the D1–D3 variable regions used to design probes were identical between five Korean and one Hong Kong C. polykrikoides isolates, while sequences for several N. American Cochlodinium isolates differed to varying degrees from the former. The automated SHA detected C. polykrikoides at levels as low as 1–3 cells/L in the field, demonstrating its suitability for detecting the target species at pre-bloom concentrations. This method should thus prove valuable to existing monitoring programs aimed at providing aquaculture interests with an early warning of frequently devastating bloom events.
Keywords :
LSU rRNA , Korea , Sandwich hybridization , harmful algal blooms , Cochlodinium polykrikoides , Molecular probes
Journal title :
Harmful Algae
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