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Title of article :
Red tide blooms of Cochlodinium polykrikoides in a coastal cove
Author/Authors :
Carmelo R. Tomas، نويسنده , , Theodore J. Smayda، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
Successive blooms of the dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides occurred in Pettaquamscutt Cove, RI, persisting from September through December 1980 and again from April through October 1981. Cell densities varied from <100 cells L−1 at the onset of the bloom and reached a maximum density exceeding 3.4 × 106 cells L−1 during the summer of 1981. The bloom was mainly restricted to the mid to inner region of this shallow cove with greatest concentrations localized in surface waters of the southwestern region during summer/fall periods of both years. Highly motile cells consisting of single, double and multiple cell zooids were found as chains of 4 and 8 cells restricted to the late August/September periods. The highest cell densities occurred during periods when annual temperatures were between 19 and 28 °C and salinities between 25 and 30. A major nutrient source for the cove was Crying Brook, located at the innermost region at the head of the cove. Inorganic nitrogen (NH3 and NO2 + NO3) from the brook was continually detectable throughout the study with maximum values of 57.5 and 82.5 μmol L−1, respectively. Phosphate (PO4-P) was always present in the source waters and rarely <0.5 μmol L−1; silicate always exceeded 30 μmol L−1 with maximum concentrations reaching 226 μmol L−1. Chlorophyll a and ATP concentrations during the blooms varied directly with cell densities. Maximum Chl a levels were 218 mg m−3 and ATP-carbon was >20 g C m−3. Primary production by the dinoflagellate-dominated community during the bloom varied between 4.3 and 0.07 g C m−3 d−1. Percent carbon turnover calculated from primary production values and ATP-carbon varied from 6 to 129% d−1. The dinoflagellates dominated the entire summer period; other flagellates and diatoms were present in lesser amounts. A combination of low washout rate due to the cove dynamics, active growth, and life cycles involving cysts allowed C. polykrikoides to maintain recurrent bloom populations in this area.
Keywords :
Cochlodinium polykrikoides , Harmful bloom , Narragansett Bay region
Journal title :
Harmful Algae
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