Carmen Alvarado، نويسنده , , Pedro Alvarez، نويسنده , , Marta Puerto، نويسنده , , Nicolas Gausserès، نويسنده , , Liliana Jiménez، نويسنده , , Monica De la Fuente، نويسنده ,
Aging is accompanied by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress, which lead to a marked impairment of immune function and therefore increased mortality. This study assessed the effect of dietary supplementation, for 15 wk, with 5% and 20% (w/w) of biscuits enriched with nutritional doses of vitamins C and E, zinc, selenium, and β-carotenes on function and oxidative stress parameters of peritoneal leukocytes from middle-aged, prematurely aging mice (PAM) and non-prematurely aging mice (NPAM).
After supplementation we measured leukocyte functions (adherence, chemotaxis, phagocytosis, intracellular reactive oxygen species levels, lymphoproliferation, natural killer activity, and interleukin-2 release), antioxidant defenses (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and reduced glutathione), oxidant compounds (extracellular O2−, glutathione disulfide, glutathione disulfide/reduced glutathione ratio, tumor necrosis factor-α, nitric oxide, and prostaglandin E2), and lipid and DNA oxidative damage, measured by malondialdehyde and 8-oxo,7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine levels, respectively.
In general, leukocyte functions were improved and redox homeostasis was restored after intake of antioxidants. In consequence, malondialdehyde and 8-oxo,7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine in PAM and NPAM were strikingly decreased after 5% and 20% supplementation (malondialdehyde, P < 0.001 in PAM; P < 0.01 in NPAM after both treatments; 8-oxo,7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine, P < 0.01 after 5% supplementation and P < 0.001 after 20% supplementation in PAM and NPAM). Moreover, the effect of the antioxidants was stronger in PAM than in NPAM, and 20% supplementation was more effective than 5%.
Our data suggest that improvement of leukocyte function and restoration of redox balance after consumption of adequate levels of antioxidants from adulthood may be useful to attain healthy aging, especially in animals with premature aging.
Prematurely aging mice , oxidative stress , Dietary supplementation , aging , Immune system , antioxidants , Peritoneal leukocytes