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Title of article :
Slip distribution and stress changes associated with the 1999 November 12, Düzce (Turkey) earthquake (Mw= 7.1)
Author/Authors :
Utkucu، Murat نويسنده , , Nalbant، Süleyman S. نويسنده , , McCloskey، John نويسنده , , Steacy، Sandy نويسنده , , Alptekin، ?mer نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
The 1999 November 12 Düzce earthquake (Mw= 7.1) was apparently the eastward extension of the August 17, [Idot]zmit earthquake (Mw= 7.4). The Düzce event caused heavy damage and fatalities in the cities of Düzce and Bolu. Here a finitefault inversion method with five discrete time windows is applied to derive the co-seismic slip distribution of the Düzce earthquake. The fault plane is best modelled as a 40 × 20 km^2 plane, with a strike of 262° and a dip of 65° to the north, and that the majority of slip occurred in two distinct patches on either side of the hypocentre, implying bilateral rupture. The possible triggering of this event by the [Idot]zmit earthquake is investigated using Coulomb stress modelling of all large events since 1943 with the inclusion of secular loading. The results show that although the Düzce rupture plane was in a stress shadow prior to the [Idot]zmit earthquake, that event caused a significant Coulomb stress load, taking the Düzce fault out of the stress shadow, which probably precipitated failure. A comparison of the mapped Coulomb stress change with the inferred slip shows no correlation between the two. Finally, the stress modelling indicates that the northern branch of the North Anatolian fault zone, beneath the Sea of Marmara towards the city of [Idot]stanbul, is presently the most highly loaded segment of the North Anatolian Fault Zone.
Keywords :
Fresnel zones , sensitivity kernels , Shear wave splitting , SKS waves , seismic anisotropy
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