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Title of article :
Late Tertiary tectonic evolution of northern Iran: A case for simple crustal folding
Author/Authors :
Bernard Guest، نويسنده , , Alice Guest، نويسنده , , Gary Axen ، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
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Abstract :
Here we present a crustal folding or buckling mechanism to explain the rootless 3–5 km high Alborz Mountains in northern Iran as well as 10 km of Late Miocene to recent subsidence in the south Caspian basin and 3–6 km of subsidence in the central Iranian basin in the context of the middle Miocene to recent Arabia–Eurasia collision. A key element of the mechanism is the presence of lateral and vertical lithospheric strength contrasts between the north Iranian continental and south Caspian oceanic crusts: when compression from the collision is applied across the region, the strong south Caspian oceanic crust, buried under > 10 km of premiddle Miocene sediment, interacts with the bottom of the mechanically strong continental upper crust of northern Iran, resulting in upward buckling of the continental crust and downward buckling of the oceanic crust. We test this mechanism using a finite-element numerical model with a Maxwell rheology and obtain results that are consistent with the geological and geophysical observations. The observations compiled here and the model results demonstrate the potential for using this region as a natural laboratory for studying the early stages of continent–oceanic collision, including processes like basin inversion, fault localization and, potentially, subduction initiation.
Keywords :
lithospheric buckling or folding , subduction initiation , Alborz , fault localization , Iran , South Caspian basin , basin inversion
Journal title :
Global and Planetary Change
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Link To Document :