Title of article :
Sorption of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene and tetrachloroethene within an authigenic soil profile: Changes in Koc with soil depth
Bernard N. Kimani Njoroge، نويسنده , , William P. Ball، نويسنده , , Robert S. Cherry، نويسنده ,
The sorption of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene and tetrachloroethene was investigated in a series of well-controlled batch experiments, using authigenic soil materials from a profile extending to 2.5 m below ground surface. Batch experiment techniques were verified by study with both pulverized and unpulverized soil at different times of equilibration, using two widely different soil:water ratios, and at a wide range of aqueous concentration. Sorption isotherms were approximately linear, with sorption distribution coefficients (Kd) found to decrease roughly 100-fold down the soil profile. Kd decreased with depth to an extent greater than could be predicted on the basis of the only 10-fold decrease in natural solid organic matter (SOM) content and despite significantly higher specific surface area in the lower horizons. All base-extractable SOM in these deeper soil horizons was operationally defined as fulvic acid (FA), although there was also a significant fraction that was not extracted by the standard base technique. The lower Kd of the deeper soil horizons is believed to reflect a complex combination of (1) lower SOM content; (2) a more hydrophilic form of SOM; and (3) a more intimate association of the SOM with the mineral fraction, affecting its accessibility, sorptivity, or both. For the deeper horizons, an increase in overall Kd by more than 4-fold was observed on solids treated by either base extraction or H2O2 treatment, demonstrating that sorption to remaining soil components could be dramatically increased by fractional SOM removal and/or chemical alteration of the soil. A simple regression model that divides SOM into only two types (shallow and deep SOM) provides a reasonably good explanation of sorption in all seven horizons and suggests an order-of-magnitude variability in Koc among surface soil and deeper horizons.