Title of article :
Diabetes and Oral Health: A Case-Control Study
Bharateesh، Jayanna Vinayak نويسنده Department of Community Dentistry, Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital, Agalakote, Karnataka , , Ahmed، Mansoor نويسنده Department of Community Medicine, Mysore Medical College and Research Institutes, Karnataka , , Kokila، Ganganna نويسنده Department of Oral Pathology, Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital, Agalakote, Karnataka ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی 0 سال 2012
Background: Diabetes mellitus, according to World Health
Organization (WHO) is a silent epidemic which affects large
number of people around the world and is directly related to the
oral health status of the patients.
Objectives: To know the prevalence of common dental diseases
such as dental caries, periodontal diseases (pyorrhea), and treatment
needs in a group of adult diabetic patients in private medical
establishments of Tumkur city, south India, in comparison with
non-diabetic patients. To create awareness among general medical
practitioners about the common oral manifestations of diabetes
and the importance of periodical dental check up for diabetics.
Methods: A group of 300 diabetic patients (males = 186,
females = 114) and a control group of 300 non-diabetics
(males = 180, females = 120) matched by age and sex were examined
according to WHO criteria, for a period of eight months.
Results: The prevalence of dental caries was comparatively more
in non-diabetics (32.3%) than in diabetics (13.6%). However,
the prevalence of periodontal diseases (pyorrhea) was more in
diabetics (92.6%) when compared to non-diabetics (83%).
Conclusions: Oral health is an integral part of general health.
Though dental caries was comparatively low in diabetics,
periodontal status was compromised. Complex treatment needs
was more in the diabetics (58%) when compared to controls
(41%). Regular follow-up of dental problems of the diabetics and
oral health education is much required.
Journal title :
International Journal of Preventive Medicine (IJPM)