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Title of article :
On the Edge between “the People” and “the Population”: Ethnographic Research on the Minimum Livelihood Guarantee
Author/Authors :
Cho، Mun Young نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
This article examines how local resistance against government attempts to reduce poverty to a technical problem ironically reinforces the precarious state of the poor. It looks at the workings of the minimum livelihood guarantee (dibao) through mundane interactions between streetlevel officials and poor residents in a workers’ village on the periphery of Harbin. As the party-state’s primary policy for urban poverty, dibao has introduced a new rationality that poverty is calculable and flexible. Urban laid-off workers have resisted this by invoking the socialist claim that they are “the people.” I examine how this resistance has led street-level officials to be preoccupied with the old socialist norm of “an ability to work” rather than with “income” as dibao’s official criterion. The new local criterion has produced the ironic effect that urban laid-off workers, who were understood to be dibao’s main target, have been mostly excluded from the scheme.
Journal title :
The China Quarterly
Journal title :
The China Quarterly
Serial Year :
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