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Title of article :
Increasing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among American Indians in Montana
Author/Authors :
Carrie S. Oser، نويسنده , , Todd S. Harwell، نويسنده , , Carol Strasheim، نويسنده , , Crystelle Fogle، نويسنده , , Lynda L. Blades، نويسنده , , Terry D. Dennis، نويسنده , , Elizabeth A. Johnson، نويسنده , , Dorothy Gohdes، نويسنده , , Steven D. Helgerson، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
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Abstract :
Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among American Indians. The objective of this study was to assess trends in CVD and CVD risk factors among American Indians in Montana. Methods In 1999 and 2003, 1000 American Indian adults aged ≥18 years living on or near the seven reservations in Montana were interviewed each year using an adapted Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. Results During the 5-year period from 1999 to 2003, the prevalence of CVD risk factors increased significantly: diabetes (12% to 16%), high blood pressure (26% to 34%), high cholesterol (23% to 30%), and obesity (34% to 39%). The percentage reporting current smoking was stable and remained high (38% to 36%). After adjusting for age and gender, the increases in high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity remained significant. The percentage reporting two or more CVD risk factors increased significantly overall, among men and women, and among older and younger respondents during the 5-year time period. Conclusions The prevalence of CVD risk factors among American Indian adults in Montana is high, and for many of the risk factors, has increased significantly over a 5-year period.
Journal title :
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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