Record number :
Title of article :
Single-ended to differential converter for multiple-stage single-ended ring oscillators
Author/Authors :
Y.، Toh, نويسنده , , J.A.، McNeill, نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
Pages :
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Abstract :
This paper presents an improved technique for single-ended to differential conversion that allows for the use of single-ended CMOS ring oscillators in an otherwise fully differential integrated circuit environment. An interpolating resistor network is used to derive a fully differential representation of the single-ended voltage-controlled-oscillator (VCO) signal. The technique preserves the fundamental noise performance of single-ended ring oscillators in the presence of supply and substrate interference. Experimental results in a 0.35-/spl mu/m CMOS process show the applicability of this technique at the VCO speeds of up to 1.3 GHz.
Keywords :
TiNi film , Oriented martensite , transformation , Self-accommodating martensite
Journal title :
IEEE Journal of Solid- State Circuits
Serial Year :
Link To Document :