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Title of article :
Intrahepatic accumulation of nitrotyrosine in chronic viral hepatitis is associated with histological severity of liver disease
Author/Authors :
Carmelo Garc?a-Monz?n، نويسنده , , Pedro L. Majano، نويسنده , , Itxaso Zubia، نويسنده , , Paloma Sanz، نويسنده , , Arantxa Apolinario، نويسنده , , Ricardo Moreno-Otero، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
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Abstract :
Background/Aims: The toxicity of nitric oxide is thought to be engendered, at least in part, by its reaction with superoxide yielding peroxynitrite, a potent oxidant that promotes the formation of nitrotyrosine within cells and tissue lesions. In this study we assessed the intrahepatic localization and distribution of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitrotyrosine (NTY) in patients with viral and non-viral liver disease. Methods: We carried out single and double immunostaining experiments on cryostat liver biopsy sections using monoclonal antibodies against iNOS and NTY. We also performed a comparative analysis between the intrahepatic immunostaining score of NTY and the histological activity index of chronic viral hepatitis. Results: We found a marked hepatocellular expression of iNOS with a diffuse lobular pattern in all liver samples from patients with viral liver disease, whereas NTY localization was mainly restricted to cellular foci consisting of hepatocytes and Kupffer cells. Interestingly, we demonstrated by means of double immunostaining experiments the existence of hepatocellular co-localization of iNOS and NTY in the majority of NTY-expressing liver cells. The amount of NTY was significantly higher in liver biopsies from viral liver disease than in non-viral liver disease. In addition, a statistically significant association between the intrahepatic amount of NTY and the severity of viral liver disease was found. Conclusions: Nitric oxide-mediated nitration of hepatocellular proteins is markedly induced in the inflamed liver tissue from patients with chronic viral hepatitis, and appears to be associated with the histological severity of viral chronic liver disease.
Keywords :
Inducible nitricoxide synthase , Chronic viral hepatitis , nitric oxide , nitrotyrosine , Peroxynitrite.
Journal title :
Journal of Hepatology
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