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Title of article :
Preparation of bioactive titanium metal via anodic oxidation treatment
Author/Authors :
Bangcheng Yang، نويسنده , , Masaiki Uchida، نويسنده , , Hyun-Min Kim، نويسنده , , Xingdong Zhang، نويسنده , , Tadashi Kokubo، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
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Abstract :
Titania with specific structures of anatase and rutile was found to induce apatite formation in vitro. In this study, anodic oxidation in H2SO4 solution, which could form anatase and rutile on titanium metal surface by conditioning the process, was employed to modify the structure and bioactivity of biomedical titanium. After the titanium metal was subjected to anodic oxidation treatment, thin film X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy results showed the titanium metals surfaces were covered by porous titania of anatase and/or rutile. In simulated body fluid (SBF), the titanium anodically oxidized under the conditions with spark-discharge could induce apatite formation on its surface. The induction period of apatite formation was decreased with increasing amount of either anatase or rutile by conditioning the anodic oxidation. After the titanium metal, anodically oxidized under the conditions without spark-discharge, was subjected to heat treatment at 600°C for 1 h, it could also induce apatite formation in SBF because the amount of anatase and/or rutile was increased by the heat treatment. Our results showed that induction of apatite-forming ability on titanium metal could be attained by anodic oxidation conjoined with heat treatment. So it was believed that anodic oxidation in H2SO4 solution was an effective way to prepare bioactive titanium.
Keywords :
Anatase , apatite , Titanium , bioactivity , Anodic oxidation
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