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Title of article :
Frequency-dependent Increase in Cardiac Ca2+Current is due to Reduced Ca2+Release by the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Author/Authors :
Carmen Delgado، نويسنده , , Adriana Artiles، نويسنده , , Ana M. G?mez، نويسنده , , Guy Vassort، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1999
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Abstract :
“Ca2+-current facilitation” describes several features of increase in current amplitude often associated with a reduction in inactivation rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of frequency-dependent increase in L-type Ca2+current, ICataking advantage of recent knowledge on the control of Ca2+current inactivation in cardiac cells. The frequency-dependent increase in ICawas studied in adult rat ventricular myocytes using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. ICawas elicited by a train of 200-ms depolarizing pulses to +20 mV applied at various frequencies (0.2 up to 1.3 Hz). The increase in frequency induced a rate-dependent enhancement of ICa, or facilitation phenomena. In most cells, that showed two inactivation phases of ICa, facilitation was mainly related to slowing of the fast ICainactivation phase that occurred besides increase in peak ICaamplitude. Both the decrease and slowing of the fast component of inactivation phase were attenuated on β -adrenergic-stimulated current. Frequency-dependent ICafacilitation paralleled a reduction in Ca2+transient measured with fluo-3. After blocking sarcoplasmic reticulum-Ca2+release by thapsigargin, the fast ICainactivation phase was reduced and facilitation was eliminated. Facilitation could not then be restored by 1 μ isoprenaline. Thus in rat ventricular myocytes, frequency-dependent facilitation of ICareflects a reduced Ca2+-dependent inactivation consecutive, in most part, to reduced Ca2+load and Ca2+release by the sarcoplasmic reticulum rather than being an intrinsic characteristic of the L-type Ca2+channel.
Keywords :
Ca current , inactivation , facilitation , sarcoplasmic reticulum , Ca load , Thapsigargin ? -Adrenergic stimulation , Excitation–contraction coupling , rat.
Journal title :
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
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