Carmen Canals، نويسنده , , Rodrigo Martino، نويسنده , , Ana Sureda، نويسنده , , Albert Altès، نويسنده , , Javier Briones، نويسنده , , Maricel Subir?، نويسنده , , Idoia Anc?n، نويسنده , , Gregorio Mart?n-Henao، نويسنده , , Salut Brunet، نويسنده , , Jorge Sierra، نويسنده ,
The aim of this study was to compare two approaches used to reduce transplant-related mortality (TRM) after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT) in elderly patients.
Patients and methods
Data from 50 patients, 45 years of age or older, consecutively treated with an HLA-identical sibling allo-PBSCT at the Hospital de Sant Pau were analyzed. We have compared the outcome of patients treated with conventional myeloablative regimens and CD34+-selected cells (CD34+ group; n = 23) with those receiving reduced-intensity conditioning regimens, consisting of fludarabine (150 mg/m2) plus an alkylating agent, followed by unmanipulated grafts (RIC group; n = 27). Patient characteristics were well balanced between the two groups, although patients in the RIC group were slightly older.
The incidence of acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) was similar in both groups. The 1-year cumulative incidence of extensive chronic GVHD was 38% in the RIC group and 17% in the CD34+ group (p = 0.2). After a median follow-up of 28 months, there were no differences in the relapse rate. Patients in the RIC group had a lower TRM, with a cumulative incidence of 7% vs 30% at 6 months and 15% vs 39% at 1 year (p = 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier estimates of PFS at 2 years was 67% in the RIC group and 43% in the CD34+ group (p = 0.09) and the OS was 69% vs 43% (p = 0.05), respectively.
CD34+ cell selection reduced the risk of extensive cGVHD but was associated with a higher TRM. Although the number of patients is limited, our study suggests that this approach should be restricted to relatively young patients, as better outcomes can be achieved in elderly patients using RIC strategies.