Carmen Martinez، نويسنده , , Alvaro Urbano-Ispizua، نويسنده , , Ciril Rozman، نويسنده , , Pedro Mar?n، نويسنده , , Montserrat Rovira، نويسنده , , Jorge Sierra، نويسنده , , Nuria Montfort، نويسنده , , Enric Carreras، نويسنده , , Emilio Montserrat، نويسنده ,
We compared the kinetic recovery of lymphocytes and their subsets in two groups of patients submitted to allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation (allo-PBT): those receiving lymphocyte-depleted leukaphereses by positive selection of CD34+ cells (group 1, n = 18) and those receiving unmanipulated leukaphereses (group 2, n = 15). Patients were conditioned with cyclophosphamide (120 mg/kg) and fractioned total body irradiation (13 Gy, group 1; 12 Gy, group 2). The mean number (×106/kg) of CD34+ and CD3+ cells infused was 4.0 and 0.67, respectively, in group 1 patients, and 4.7 and 274, respectively, for group 2 patients. Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporin A + methylprednisolone for group 1 and cyclosporin A + methotrexate for group 2. Median follow-up was 7 months (range 2–8 months) for both groups. During the first 6 months post-transplant, CD4+ cell counts were lower in group 1 as compared with group 2 (p = 0.014, 0.010, 0.011, 0.0003, and 0.052 at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 6 months, respectively), whereas there was no difference at 8 months. The number of CD4+CD45RA+ cells was very low throughout the study in both groups, being lower in group 1 than in group 2, especially during the first 3 months post-transplant (p = 0.007 and 0.0006 at 1 and 3 months). Normal levels of CD8+ cells were reached by 1 month post-transplant in both groups. TCRγδ1 cell counts were lower in group 1 than in group 2 during the first 4 months post-transplant (p = 0.001, 0.004, and 0.04 at 1, 3, and 4 months). A normal number of natural killer cells (CD3−CD56+) was achieved 1 month post-transplant in both groups. B lymphocytes (CD19+) showed low or undetectable counts throughout the first 4 months in both groups, achieving the normal range at 8 months. These results show that, during the first 6 months following allo-PBT with CD34+ selected grafts, the number of CD4+, CD4+CD45RA+, and TCRγδ1 cells is significantly lower than after unmanipulated allo-PBT; these differences disappeared at 8 months. In contrast, there are no differences between transplant groups in the recovery of CD8+, CD19+, and natural killer cells.