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Title of article :
Skin wound healing in the first generation (F1) offspring of Yorkshire and red Duroc pigs: Evidence for genetic inheritance of wound phenotype
Author/Authors :
C.L. Gallant-Behm، نويسنده , , H. Tsao، نويسنده , , C. Reno، نويسنده , , M.E. Olson، نويسنده , , D.A. Hart، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
Fibroproliferative scars in humans often demonstrate familial inheritance patterns, and genetics may contribute to healing and scarring. Genetic factors may also influence the scarring phenotype in a porcine model. Healing of full thickness excisional skin wounds in Yorkshire pigs closely resembles normal healing in humans, while identical wounds in red Duroc pigs form hypercontracted, hyperpigmented scars. The present study has evaluated the healing process in the first generation cross (F1) of red Duroc and Yorkshire pigs. Gross and histologic analysis revealed that the F1 animals exhibit an intermediate healing phenotype, with some features of each parent breed. F1 full thickness wounds were significantly hypercontracted and fibrotic, but apigmented. Analysis of mRNA expression patterns for a panel of relevant molecules (N = 32) in the F1 animals revealed some similarities to each parent breed, as well as unique patterns for other molecules. Furthermore, a depth dependency to the healing response was observed at the gross, histologic, and molecular levels, with deep dermal wounds healing similar to Yorkshire wounds. These findings suggest that the genetic contribution to scar phenotype in this animal model is complex. However, the results indicate that further understanding in this model may provide insights into risk factors for hypertrophic scarring in human burn patients.
Keywords :
genetics , animal model , phenotype , Contraction , Wound healing , Scarring , Red Duroc pig , Fibroproliferative scar
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