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Title of article :
Evaluation of donor skin viability: fresh and cryopreserved skin using tetrazolioum salt assay
Author/Authors :
Carlotta Castagnoli، نويسنده , , Daniela Alotto، نويسنده , , Irene Cambieri، نويسنده , , Raffaella Casimiri، نويسنده , , Matteo Aluffi، نويسنده , , Maurizio Stella، نويسنده , , Simone Teich Alasia، نويسنده , , Gilberto Magliacani، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
Cell viability assessment in allograft skin is an essential step to ensure a supply of good quality allograft skin for clinical repair of wounds. It is widely recognised that ‘take’ of allografts is strongly influenced grafted by tissue viability. The aim of this study was to set-up storage protocols that maintain high viability of the allograft after harvest, treatment and storage. In this study, the viability of post-mortem allografts (n=350) harvested from 35 different donors, was investigated using the MTT salt assay. The conditions of preparation and storage of the allograft included:1. Fresh skin samples (about 12, 30, and 60 h after harvesting).2. The same specimens (stored at 4 and 37 °C) tested for at least 1 month.3. Samples after cryopreservation and thawing.4. Thawed specimens tested daily for at least 6 days. Parallel histomorphological analysis performed, under each of these conditions, showed a correlation between changes in structure and changes in viability as measured by the MTT quantitative assay. The viability index (VI) of skin is expressed as the ratio between the optical density (O.D.) produced in the MTT assay by the skin sample and its weight in grams. The percentage viability index is the ratio of the VI of the fresh sample (considered as 100% viability) and the value of specimens from the same harvest batch after storage or cryopreservation. The results indicated that samples tested within 12–30 h from harvesting have an average viability index of about 75 with little variation. Samples tested within 60 h have an average viability index of 40, showing a viability decrease of about 50%. A protocol to treat skin within a maximum of 30 h was, therefore, set-up. The data suggested that skin stored at 37 °C, undergoes a viability increase during the first 2 days after harvesting. However, the viability under these conditions then decreased very quickly. After 6 days of preservation at this temperature the samples were no longer viable (PVI = 0). The tissue structure started to become damaged after 3 days. On the other hand, skin stored at 4 °C, showed a very slow viability decrease. After 15 days, viability was still almost 25% of the fresh sample. The tissue architecture showed no signs of damage under these conditions until day 7 from harvesting. MTT analysis was performed on the specimens cryopreserved with DMSO at 10%. These measurements were compared to viability assessment of the same fresh skin samples (considered as 100%) that were analysed within 30 h from harvesting. The average PVI of thawed skin was 54% of the fresh sample. This result demonstrates that the viability of cryopreserved skin is comparable to the viability of fresh skin stored at 4 °C for 4 days. The PVI of thawed skin samples decreased dramatically within 24 h, and had reached 0% within 6 days.
Keywords :
quality control , MTT , Allografts , Cryopreserved skin , Skin storage , Tissue viability
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