Record number :
46961
Title of article :
Two-Phase Analysis of Vertical Sediment-Laden Jets
Author/Authors :
Cheng، Nian-Sheng نويسنده , , Law، Adrian Wing-Keung نويسنده , , Jiang، Junsheng نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
Pages :
-307
From page :
308
To page :
0
Abstract :
In this study, we investigated a vertical dilute sediment-laden jet both experimentally and theoretically. First, an instantaneous whole-field velocimetry tool, particle image velocimetry, was applied to measure the sediment and fluid mean and fluctuating velocities of a downward sediment-laden jet at the same time. Subsequently, an analysis was performed based on two-phase conservation equations for both downward and upward jets. The analysis shows that the mean sediment velocity can be taken as the sum of fluid velocity and the settling velocity in both cases. For the downward jets, the decay rate of the centerline sediment concentration increases with the sediment settling velocity while decreases with the initial discharge velocity. The zone of flow establishment for the sediment velocity is found to be longer than that of the fluid. For the upward jets, the maximum rise of the sediment particles and their deposition distribution on the ground were derived theoretically. The predicted results compare well to the experimental data in the literature.
Keywords :
Elastic foundations , differential equations , Dynamic response , Pressure distribution , Steady state models , Transverse shear , Railroad tracks , Continuous beams
Journal title :
JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS
Journal title :
JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS
Serial Year :
2005
Link To Document :
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