Record number :
Title of article :
Computer modeling of displacement ventilation systems based on plume rise in stratified environment
Author/Authors :
C.K. Lee، نويسنده , , H.N. Lam، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
A model for displacement ventilation system based on plume rise of single point heat source was developed. The errors for temperature gradient ratio were less than 6% in most cases. Errors for temperature gradient and displacement zone height were relatively higher (up to 28.1%) which might be due to the derivation of the parameters from experimental data. Still, the errors were lower than those from design model/method of some other workers (68.5% for the temperature gradient ratio and 15.7% for the temperature difference between the supply air and at 0.1 m above floor level). With a room height of 2.4 m (common for office in Hong Kong) and design room temperature 25.5 °C defined at 1.1 m above floor level under the normal load to air flow ratio of 12,000 W/m3/s (typical values for sub-tropical region) and minimum supply temperature of 18 °C, there existed a zone capacity range from 1000 to 5000 W that stand alone operation displacement ventilation system was feasible and that the displacement zone height (minimum 2.2 m) was above normal breathing level. The feasible zone capacity range diminished with decrease in design room temperature and/or room height. In this case, the load to air flow ratio had to be reduced, resulting in a higher flow rate when compared to a mixing ventilation system, or an auxiliary cooling facility such as a chilled ceiling had to be used.
Keywords :
plume , Displacement ventilation , Temperature gradient , Temperature gradient ratio , Displacement zone height
Journal title :
Energy and Buildings
Serial Year :
Link To Document :