Record number :
2614983
Title of article :
Kinematic Gait Adjustments to Virtual Environments on Different Surface Conditions: Do Treadmill and Over-Ground Walking Exhibit Different Adaptations to Passive Virtual Immersion ?
Author/Authors :
Bhatt, Tanvi Department of Physical Therapy - University of Illinois at Chicago - Chicago IL, USA , Varas-Diaz, Gonzalo Department of Physical Therapy - University of Illinois at Chicago - Chicago IL, USA , Paralkar, Shivani Department of Physical Therapy - University of Illinois at Chicago - Chicago IL, USA , Wang, Shuaijie Department of Physical Therapy - University of Illinois at Chicago - Chicago IL, USA
Pages :
12
From page :
1
To page :
12
Abstract :
The aim of this study was to examine the kinematic gait adjustments performed in response to passive andphotorealistic virtual reality environment (VRE) demands during over-ground and treadmill walking conditions and determinewhether the surface presentation order affects the gait adjustments in response to different VREs.Methods. Twenty youngparticipants divided into two groups performed two virtual reality (VR) walking protocols which included two different VREs(snowy and crowded conditions). Group A performed the VR over-ground protocol (four natural walking (NW), seven VRsnowy, and seven VR crowded trials) followed by the VR treadmill protocol (four NW, one VR snowy, and one VR crowdedtrials); Group B performed the VR treadmill protocol (four NW, seven VR snowy, and seven VR crowded trials) followed by theVR over-ground protocol (four NW, one VR snowy, and one VR crowded trials). Center of mass (COM) excursion angles andmediolateral (ML) COM excursions were analyzed and used as outcome measures.Results. Group A showed higher COMexcursion angles and ML-COM excursion on over-ground VR trials compared to NW trials (p<0:05), while Group B onlyshowed kinematic changes for the crowded VRE compared to NW trials during the treadmill walking protocol (p<0:05). Postover-ground exposure, Group A showed greater COM excursion angle and ML-COM excursions on VR trials compared to NWtrials during the treadmill walking protocol (p<0:05). Post treadmill exposure, Group B only showed higher COM excursionangles for the snowy VRE compared to NW trials during the over-ground walking protocol (p<0:01).Conclusion. Resultsshowed that higher kinematic gait adjustments in response to VRE demands were observed during over-ground walking.Additionally, higher sensorimotor responses to VRE demands were observed when the VR protocol wasfirst performed on theover-ground surface and followed by the treadmill walking condition (Group A) compared to the opposite (Group B).
Keywords :
Kinematic Gait Adjustments , Virtual Environments , Different Surface Conditions , Treadmill , Over-Ground Walking Exhibit Different Adaptations , Passive Virtual Immersion , VRE
Journal title :
Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Serial Year :
2020
Full Text URL :
Link To Document :
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