Record number :
2612101
Title of article :
Challenges to the Application of Spatially Explicit Stochastic Simulation Models for Foot-and-Mouth Disease Control in Endemic Settings: A Systematic Review
Author/Authors :
Usman Zaheer, Muhammad Department of Clinical Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA , Salman, Mo D Department of Clinical Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA , Steneroden, Kay K Department of Clinical Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA , Magzamen, Sheryl L Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA , Weber, Stephen E Department of Clinical Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA , Case, Shaun Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering - Walter Scott, Jr. College of Engineering - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA , Rao, Sangeeta Department of Clinical Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - Colorado State University - Fort Collins, USA
Pages :
11
From page :
1
To page :
11
Abstract :
Simulation modeling has become common for estimating the spread of highly contagious animal diseases. Several models have been developed to mimic the spread of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in specific regions or countries, conduct risk assessment, analyze outbreaks using historical data or hypothetical scenarios, assist in policy decisions during epidemics, formulate preparedness plans, and evaluate economic impacts. Majority of the available FMD simulation models were designed for and applied in disease-free countries, while there has been limited use of such models in FMD endemic countries. This paper’s objective was to report the findings from a study conducted to review the existing published original research literature on spatially explicit stochastic simulation (SESS) models of FMD spread, focusing on assessing these models for their potential use in endemic settings. The goal was to identify the specific components of endemic FMD needed to adapt these SESS models for their potential application in FMD endemic settings. This systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines, and three databases were searched, which resulted in 1176 citations. Eighty citations finally met the inclusion criteria and were included in the qualitative synthesis, identifying nine unique SESS models. These SESS models were assessed for their potential application in endemic settings. The assessed SESS models can be adapted for use in FMD endemic countries by modifying the underlying code to include multiple cocirculating serotypes, routine prophylactic vaccination (RPV), and livestock population dynamics to more realistically mimic the endemic characteristics of FMD. The application of SESS models in endemic settings will help evaluate strategies for FMD control, which will improve livestock health, provide economic gains for producers, help alleviate poverty and hunger, and will complement efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Keywords :
Challenges , Foot-and-Mouth , Systematic , FMD , SESS
Journal title :
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Serial Year :
2020
Full Text URL :
Link To Document :
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