Title of article :
Biodegradation of Naphthalene using Pseudomonas putida and Bacillus subtilis Immobilized on Snail Shel
aina, oe ahmadu bello university - department of chemistry, Zaria, Nigeria , agbaji, eb ahmadu bello university - department of chemistry, Zaria, Nigeria , nwokem, nc ahmadu bello university - department of chemistry, Zaria, Nigeria
This study investigated snail shell as a carrier to immobilize Pseudomonas putida and Bacillus subtilis isolated from refinery effluent for the degradation of naphthalene in synthetic wastewater at various process conditions such as initial naphthalene concentration, pH, adsorbent dosage and ambient temperature of 30 ^oC in batch mode. The results showed that the adsorption and the biodegradation capacity increased with increase in naphthalene concentration, where 73.11%, 74.46% and 65.20% of the optimum concentration (50 mg/L) were removed by immobilized Pseudomonas putida, Bacillus subtilis, and snail shell respectively after 72 hours incubation. The optimal degradation occurred at the adsorbent dosage of 2 g at pH 9 and pH 7 for the adsorption and biodegradation respectively. The results were well fitted to both Langmuir and Freundlich models. Therefore, snail shell can be employed as a low-cost adsorbent and solid support matrix for immobilizing microorganisms in remediating hydrocarbon contaminants.
Biodegradation , Naphthalene , Immobilization , Snail shell
Journal title :
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management