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Title of article :
Attitude of Medical Students towards Occupational Safety and Health: A Multi-National Study
Author/Authors :
Bhardwaj, M Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich - Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Germany , Arteta, M Universidad Central de Venezuela, Venezuela , Batmunkh, T Health Sciences University of Mongolia, Mongolia , Leonardo, L Briceno Universidad del Rosario, Colombia , Caraballo, Y Universidad Central de Venezuela, Venezuela , Carvalho, D Federal University of Parana, Brazil , Dan, W Hainan Medical University, China , Erdogan, S Istanbul University - Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Turkey , Brborovic, H University of Zagreb, Croatia , Gudrun, K Universidad Austral, Chile , Ilse, U University de Los Andes, Chile , Ingle, GK Maulana Azad Medical College, India , Joshi, SK Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal , Kishore, J Maulana Azad Medical College, India , Khan, Z Northern Institute of Medical sciences, Pakistan , Retneswari, M university of malaya, Malaysia , Menses, C Universidad Rafael Landivar, Guatemala , Moraga, D Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile , Njan, A Usmanu Dan Fodio University, Nigeria , Okonkwo, FO Ebonyi State University, Nigeria , Ozlem, K Istanbul University - Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Turkey , Ravichandran, S university of malaya, Malaysia , Rosales, J Universidad Alas Peruanas, Peru , Rybacki, M Nofer Institute of Occupational, Poland , Sainnyambuu, M Health Sciences University of Mongolia, Mongolia , Shathanapriya, K university of malaya, Malaysia , Radon, K Maximilians University of Munich, Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine - Clinical Center of the Ludwig - Unit for Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology and Net Teaching, Germany
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Abstract :
Background: Work-related diseases contribute immensely to the global burden of diseases. Better understanding of attitudes of health care workers towards occupational safety and health (OSH) is important for planning. Objective: To assess the attitude of medical students towards OSH around the globe. Methods: A questionnaire assessing the attitude towards OSH was administered to medical and paramedical students of 21 Medical Universities across the globe. In the current study 1895 students, aged 18–36 years, from 17 countries were included. After having performed a principal components analysis, the associations of interest between the identified components and other socio demographic characteristics were assessed by multivariate linear regression. Results: Principal component analysis revealed 3 components. Students from lower and lower-middle-income countries had a more positive attitude towards OSH, but the importance of OSH was still rated higher by students from upper-income countries. Although students from Asian and African continents showed high interest for OSH, European and South-Central American students comparatively rated importance of OSH to be higher. Paramedical students had more positive attitude towards OSH than medical students. Conclusion: The attitude of students from lower-income and lower-middle-income countries towards importance of OSH is negative. This attitude could be changed by recommending modifications to OSH courses that reflect the importance of OSH. Since paramedical students showed more interest in OSH than medical students, modifications in existing health care system with major role of paramedics in OSH service delivery is recommended.
Keywords :
Health knowledge, attitudes, practice , Students, medical , Allied health personnel , Occupational health , Safety
Journal title :
The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (IJOEM)
Link To Document :