Record number :
2555478
Title of article :
Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar Infection Amongst the Orang Asli Children at Pos Sungai Rual, Jeli, Kelantan
Author/Authors :
AHMAD ZAWAWI, MARIAM Klinik Kesihatan - Jabatan Patologi, Malaysia , ABD GHANI, MOHAMED KAMEL Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Fakulti Sains Kesihatan Bersekutu - Jabatan Sains Bioperubatan, Malaysia , YUSOF, HARTINI Universiti Teknologi MARA - Fakulti Sains Kesihatan, Malaysia , HARON, NORHISHAM Universiti Teknologi MARA - Fakulti Sains Kesihatan, Malaysia , GOPAL, GEISHAMINI Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Fakulti Sains Kesihatan - Jabatan Sains Bioperubatan, Malaysia , OTHMAN, HIDAYATULFATHI Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Fakulti Sains Kesihatan - Jabatan Sains Bioperubatan, Malaysia
From page :
1095
To page :
1098
Abstract :
Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar is an intestinal protozoa that has a high prevalence of infection among the indigenous aboriginal community. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas and in developing countries compared with developed countries. A total of 111 fecal samples of aboriginal children from the Jahai tribe was screened for Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar using the direct smear technique which yielded 43 positive samples with a prevalence of 38.7%. Due to inadequate amount of the fecal samples, only 66 samples were examined with three different diagnostic techniques i.e. direct smear, formalin-ether concentration and trichrome staining. The results showed high prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar with 50% prevalence using all three diagnostic techniques. The high prevalence of infection was also demonstrated in female children at 62.5% compared with 30.8% in the males (p 0.05). In terms of age, children aged 7-9 years old were more vulnerable to Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar infection, at 60.7% prevalence (p 0.05). Trichrome staining technique demonstrated 100% detection for Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar infection followed by formalin-ether concentration technique at 78.8% and 72.7% for direct smear. Higher prevalence of infection among aboriginal children in Pos Sungai Rual was associated with various factors such as low socioeconomic status, lack of knowledge on health care and poor hygiene. The high prevalence of infection in this study is also attributed to various diagnostic techniques employed, indicating the importance of the use of a more effective diagnostic method in the routine diagnosis for intestinal parasites.
Keywords :
Entamoeba histolytica and , or Entamoeba dispar , intestinal protozoa , Orang Asli
Link To Document :
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