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Title of article :
Removal of brilliant blue pollution from the environment using nano polyaniline hazelnut skin composite and evaluation of effective parameters
Author/Authors :
Banimahd Keivani, M. Department of Chemistry - Payame Noor University (PNU) Tehran, Iran
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Abstract :
The entrance of household wastewater to rivers has not only brought about numerous environmental problems, which have resulted in a huge problem in the society, but also led to undesirable mental and psychological effects in the society. The removal of dye from these wastewaters before entrance to rivers is of great importance. In this research, it was discovered that by depositing a layer of polyaniline-based conductive nano polymer on hazelnut skin, a nano composite was produced which helps in removing brilliant blue (BB) dye from aqueous environments. The aim of this study was to deposit a layer of polyaniline nano polymer on the surface of hazelnut skin and produce polyaniline/hazelnut skin (Pan/Hz) composite through chemical polymerization of aniline in aqueous environments and adsorption of BB dye from aqueous environments. In this stage, polyaniline was synthesized using ammonium persulfate. In order to find the optimal conditions for the removal of the dye, the effect of a number of important parameters such as pH, contact time, initial concentration of the dye, and temperature was examined. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used for adsorption studies. Furthermore, thermodynamic and kinetic studies were also conducted. This dye has the greatest adsorption at pH 2 and by optimizing other mentioned parameters, the best state has been presented for maximum adsorption. Thermodynamic studies indicate that the adsorption has been spontaneous, endothermic, and chemical, following the second order kinetics. The introduced adsorbent is a very effective one for the adsorption of BB and by using a layer of conductive nano polymer on hazelnut skin, it is possible to absorb BB dye from aqueous environments with a very high percentage.
Keywords :
Pollution , Nano hazelnut skin composite , Brilliant blue , Polyaniline , Environment
Journal title :
Astroparticle Physics
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