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Poultry: A receptacle for non-typhoidal Salmonellae and antimicrobial resistance
Author/Authors :
Bangera ، Sohan Rodney - Manipal Academy of Higher Education , Umakanth ، Shashikiran - Manipal Academy of Higher Education , Chowdhury ، Goutam - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases , Saha ، Rudra Narayan - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases , Mukhopadhyay ، Asish K. - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases , Ballal ، Mamatha - Manipal Academy of Higher Education
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Abstract :
Background and Objectives: Non-typhoidal Salmonellosis, a zoonotic infection associated with acute gastroenteritis is caused by non-typhoidal salmonellae (NTS). The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of NTS serovars and their antimicrobial resistance along with the presence of the virulence gene (invA gene) in poultry samples. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study carried out at the Enteric Diseases Division, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, South India from January 2016– December 2017. Poultry samples were collected randomly from two local poultry farms in Udupi district and processed following CDC standard protocol. Results: From the 396 poultry meat samples, intestinal contents and faecal samples collected, 58 NTS serovars were isolated showing a prevalence of 14.64%. Salmonella Infantis, 43.1%, 25/58 was the commonest serovar. Resistance to ciprofloxacin 72.41%, ampicillin 32.8%, gentamicin 17.24%, cotrimoxazole 29.31% and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 6.9% was observed. The invA gene was detected in 43 NTS isolates (74.13%). Conclusion: Poultry sources are recognized as a significant cause for non-typhoidal salmonellosis. Therefore, hygienic measures should be initiated to reduce the contamination of meat and poultry products with virulent strains of Salmonella that are of public health significance.
Keywords :
Non , typhoidal salmonella , Poultry , invA gene , Antimicrobial resistance , Virulent genes
Journal title :
Iranian Journal of Microbiology
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