Record number :
2427500
Title of article :
Deadly Rural Road Traffic Injury: A Rising Public Health Concern in I.R. Iran
Author/Authors :
Ardalan, Ali Department of Disaster and Emergency Health - National Institute of Health Research - Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Sepehrvand, Nariman Department of Disaster and Emergency Health - National Institute of Health Research - Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Pourmalek, Farshad Department of Disaster and Emergency Health - National Institute of Health Research - Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Masoumi, Gholamreza Department of Emergency Medicine - School of Medicine - Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Sarvar, Mohamad Disaster and Emergency Management Center - Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran , Mahmoudabadi, Abbas National Road Management Center - Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization, Tehran, Iran , Rezaie, Anita Disaster and Emergency Management Center - Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
Pages :
4
From page :
241
To page :
244
Abstract :
Background: The 5th Iran National Development Plan, 2011-2015, has emphasized on expansion of rural asphalt roads. This article aims to illustrate the trend of deaths caused by rural road traffic crashes (RTCs) and its association with length of the rural roads in Iran. Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis on secondary data for the period from 2005 to 2010. The Iranian Forensic Medicine Organization, High Commission for Road Safety and Iran’s Statistical Center were the sources for the number of RTC death, length of the road and population data, respectively. Results: Number of RTC deaths in rural roads increased from 1,672 in 2005 to 2,206 in 2010. This was associated with expansion of the rural asphalt roads (P = 0.04). The construction of urban asphalt roads was also on an increasing trend, but the number of traffic deaths in these roads decreased from 26,083 in 2005 to 21,043 in 2010. Adjusted for 100,000 populations, the number of traffic deaths in urban roads showed a decrease from 37.0 to 28.0, while this number increased from 2.4 to 2.9 in rural roads during the study period. Conclusions: Although expansion of rural roads would contribute to economic development in rural areas, it exposes people to risk of severe RTCs if effective preventive actions are not taken. To prevent this threat, the Iranian policy makers need to take the followings into consideration: Public awareness, improving the safety of roads and vehicles, law enforcement, increasing coverage of police and Emergency Medical Services.
Keywords :
Death , injury , Iran , road traffic crash , rural road
Journal title :
Astroparticle Physics
Serial Year :
2014
Link To Document :
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